January 2023

Momentumheader2023 Scaled
Product Update

A2024-RAM2 fatigue properties are examined for industrial production qualification

The recent Science Direct article titled “Microstructure and Fatigue Properties of Al2024-RAM2 Aluminum Alloy Obtained by Laser Powder Bed Fusion” disseminates their fatigue testing results and findings with Elementum 3D’s A2024-RAM2 aluminum alloy. Due to the consistent and equiaxed microstructure, the study found that printed A2024-RAM2 fatigue performance was only slightly influenced by build orientation.  The surface roughness was found to have a larger effect on fatigue performance with an excellent 107 cycles runout stress of 200 MPa for polished specimens and 100 to 120 MPa for as-built surfaces.

Elementum 3D’s patented Reactive Additive Manufacturing (RAM) process has introduced printable high-strength aluminum alloys such as A2024-RAM2 to manufacturers interested in 3D printing light-weight parts with excellent mechanical performance (including at temperature) and good thermal conductivity.

The findings in this study continue to expand the independent publicly available data for RAM aluminums and build confidence in performance for aerospace, automotive, and defense manufacturers.

A2024 Ram2 Industrial Production Qualification

3D printed nickel alloys with superior high-temp strength & crack-free

3D Printed Nickel AlloysElementum 3D has expanded its patented Reactive Additive Manufacturing (RAM) to nickel superalloy powder feedstocks. This allows us to deliver increased strength at higher temperatures through dispersion strengthening and reduction in microstructural defects, including reduced porosity and microcracking compared to the base alloy.

The current released offerings are IN625-RAM2 and Ni230-RAM1. Our material experts are also developing RAM versions of IN738LC, C276, H214, and Mar247.

RAM nickel superalloys are developed for additive manufacturing (AM) applications for industries that benefit from high mechanical strength, creep and oxidation resistance at high temperatures. Targeted industries include aerospace and power industry applications such as turbine blades and jet/rocket engines, industrial gas turbines, heat exchangers, and nuclear components.

3D Printed Nickel Alloys Data

Advantages of RAM Developed Nickel Superalloys

  • Many AM produced nickel superalloys fail AM due to microcracking — RAM can eliminate microcracking. 
  • Reactive Additive Manufacturing is a patented process using in-situ reactions to produce nano scale inoculants that refine grain structure and strengthen materials. The front-page bottom micrograph displays RAM’s effect on Alloy 230, by removing cracking and refining microstructure.
  • Elementum 3D superalloy work was funded by the National Science Foundation, Navy, and industry leaders.
Team News

Upcoming Events


Bridging The Gap Webinar 03082023


AMUG – May 19 – 23 | Chicago, IL USA | Booth 56


TMS 2023 Annual Meeting & Exhibition (The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society) – March 19-23, 2023  |  San Diego, California USA  |  Presentation Title: Using analytical solidification models to solve solidification cracking in laser powder bed fusion processed Ni-based alloys

Jamie Perozzi

VP of Technology 6K Additive

Mr. Perozzi has 20+ years of specialty metals experience with a focus on process, new product development, product management, and application engineering. Before joining 6K, Perozzi spent seven years at AMETEK Specialty Metal Products responsible for quality and process engineering. Prior to Ametek, he spent 10 years at Hitachi Metals – Metglas and 3 years at J&L Specialty Steel. Perozzi holds a BS Metallurgical Engineering degree from Penn State University.

Dr. Timothy Smith

Materials Research Engineer NASA Glenn Research Center

Tim Smith graduated with a PhD in materials science and engineering from Ohio State University in 2016. After graduating, his pathways internship at NASA Glenn research center became a full-time position. His research focuses on high temperature alloy development and characterization. He has contributed to 29 peer-reviewed publications including journals in Nature Communications and Nature Communications Materials. His research has also produced 10 new technology reports and 3 utility patents. He recently received both the Early Career Achievement Medal in 2020 and the Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal in 2022.

Dr. Douglas Hoffman

Senior Research Scientist (SRS)/ Principal Section Technologist NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Dr. Douglas Hofmann is a Senior Research Scientist and Principal at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where he serves as the Section Technologist for the Mechanical Fabrication and Test Section. He is also a Lecturer and Visiting Associate at Caltech in the Applied Physics and Materials Science Department. Dr. Hofmann founded JPL’s Metallurgy Facility in 2010, was a charter member of the Materials Development and Manufacturing Technology Group, and helped establish the JPL Additive Manufacturing Center. He is the Principal Investigator of the NASA FAMIS Flight Experiment and was a 2012 recipient of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers from President Obama. He has spent more than 12 years working in metal additive manufacturing and has over 30 granted patents and over 60 peer-reviewed publications.

Dr. Jacob Nuechterlein

President/Founder Elementum 3D

Dr. Jacob Nuechterlein is the founder and president of Elementum 3D in Erie, CO. He earned his Bachelor of Engineering, Master of Science, and Doctor of Philosophy at the Colorado School of Mines. Jacob has been researching, teaching, or consulting on topics such as casting and powder metallurgy for the last 14 years. Elementum 3D’s work with powder bed laser additive manufacturing is based on these principles. In addition, is thesis work in thermodynamics and formation kinetics of metal matrix composites is directly related to all 3D printing processes.